Last Updated: Oct 27, 2015     Views: 49

Not every article will have a DOI.  DOI (Digital Object Identifier) or other unique identifiers assigned to articles have only come into use relatively recently. Articles written prior to 1998 will not have a DOI.  Articles written after 1998 may or may not have one, but DOIs have come into wide spread use within the last 5 to 10 years. So the more recent the article the more likely it will have a DOI.   

Some databases such as PubMed now include the DOI in the citation to the article.  There is also a free DOI lookup tool: 

http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/


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